Christmas 1920s style

A new decade dawned with a sense of hope and positivity.  Would the decade end in the same way?

Christmas 1920 and the first example of mass marketing I have come across as I’ve  moved through the decades and it came from Kodak. The advertisements promoted Kodak cameras’ convenience which could give lasting memories of holidays long after they were past.  Even a child could use it.

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Advertising. (1920, December 6). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64022869

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The Salvation Army’s charity work at Christmas was attracting more attention in the papers during the 1920s.

CHRISTMAS TREATS. (1920, December 9). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64022893

CHRISTMAS TREATS. (1920, December 9). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64022893

The Portland Guardian Christmas editorial of December 23, 1920 had it all.  Christmas from a religious perspective, the need for positivity,  forward movement and encouragement to buy local products.  Industrial disputes, prominent during the 1920s in Australia are also mentioned as was Santa with the suggestion that if Santa could not  find a suitable Christmas gift in  the Portland shops, he wasn’t up to the task.  Luckily there was the clarification that Santa has been in the job too long for them to question his abilities.

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Portland Guardian. (1920, December 23). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64022977

Portland Guardian. (1920, December 23). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64022977

It was hot in the Western District during Christmas 1920 and this brought people out on to the streets of Heywood.

Heywood. (1921, January 3). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64023002

Heywood. (1921, January 3). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64023002

Spencer Street Station (now Southern Cross Station), Melbourne would have been a sight at Christmas time with crates of live poultry of various types lining the platforms.  This report comes from Christmas 1921.

THE CHRISTMAS GOOSE. (1921, December 23). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72727852

THE CHRISTMAS GOOSE. (1921, December 23). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72727852

The war was over but help was still needed by the many returned servicemen, many facing unemployment.

CHRISTMAS CHEER. (1921, December 24). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 9. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4611429

CHRISTMAS CHEER. (1921, December 24). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 9. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4611429

The ladies of the Horsham Church of Christ had gathered together homemade goods to sell at their annual Christmas sale of 1922.

SALE OF WORK. (1922, December 15). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72742565

SALE OF WORK. (1922, December 15). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72742565

Photographs were a popular gift suggestion for Christmas 1922.

Advertising. (1922, December 15). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72742578

Advertising. (1922, December 15). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72742578

Barnes the Chemist of Horsham had ivory goods and hair tidies and were also an agent for Kodak, the camera to suit all purses.

1920kHorsham experienced the coldest Christmas for years in 1922.

CHRISTMAS IN HORSHAM. (1922, December 29). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72742806

CHRISTMAS IN HORSHAM. (1922, December 29). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72742806

Shoppers fell over each other to get the best Christmas poultry at the Bendigo Auction markets in December 1923.

POULTRY FOR CHRISTMAS. (1923, December 21). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72737714

POULTRY FOR CHRISTMAS. (1923, December 21). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 6. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article7273771

As seen above, turkeys were the more expensive type of poultry for Christmas 1923 and were considered “a forbidden luxury”.

OUR CHRISTMAS DINNER. (1923, December 15). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 21. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1994780

OUR CHRISTMAS DINNER. (1923, December 15). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 21. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1994780

The Argus of December 18, 1923 offered Christmas gift suggestions in the “Woman’s Realm” column.  French embroidery dressing table mats looked “charming” on a glass-topped table.  The Christmas handkerchief was always welcome with some relying on a handkerchief gift to replenish their supply. Telephone book covers and patience card sets were also suggested.

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    WOMAN'S REALM. (1923, December 18). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 14. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2000447MLA citation

WOMAN’S REALM. (1923, December 18). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 14. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2000447
MLA citation

Christmas 1923 in Horsham sounded a little brighter than 1922.  The greenery on shops and the ladies’ summer dresses added to the splendour of the fine weather.

CHRISTMAS EVE IN HORSHAM. (1923, December 25). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72737815

CHRISTMAS EVE IN HORSHAM. (1923, December 25). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72737815

The annual Christmas treat at May Park had grown into a popular Christmas Eve fixture in Horsham by Christmas 1924.

CHILDREN'S CHRISTMAS TREAT. (1924, November 21). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72752604

CHILDREN’S CHRISTMAS TREAT. (1924, November 21). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 6. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72752604

The shopkeepers of Portland were competing for a prize of one guinea from the Mayor for their Christmas 1924 window displays.

CHRISTMAS EVE WINDOW DISPLAY. (1924, December 15). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64106332

CHRISTMAS EVE WINDOW DISPLAY. (1924, December 15). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64106332

If you were wanting a step by step guide to preparing a 1924 style Christmas dinner, this is it.  Worth reading if you have a mother in law or sisters visiting.  Failure to take heed could see your reputation as “a good housekeeper…hang on a thread”.  This really is priceless and is a wonderful insight into domestic tasks of the 1920s.

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WOMEN to WOMEN. (1924, December 24). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 4. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2090278

WOMEN to WOMEN. (1924, December 24). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 4. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2090278

Christmas 1925 was looking disastrous for the parishioners of the Horsham Church of Christ when they heard the news that Father Christmas was stranded at Dooen Hill after his plane had broken down.  A rescue party was sent  and he eventually arrived with presents for all.

CHRISTMAS TREE. (1925, December 18). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73011596

CHRISTMAS TREE. (1925, December 18). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 6. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73011596

Goodwill and good business marked Christmas 1925 in Horsham.   The reporter also noted that the pine boughs on the shop verandah posts served the purpose of stopping people propping up the posts, “Australia’s favourite duty”.

THAT CHRISTMAS FEELING. (1925, December 25). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73011820

THAT CHRISTMAS FEELING. (1925, December 25). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 6. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73011820

While the night soil man and his family innocently enjoyed a hearty Christmas dinner of two geese thanks to what he thought was a generous Christmas box, the true owners lamented that things don’t always turn out the way one expects them to.

NICE CHRISTMAS PRESENT. (1926, January 12). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73000513

NICE CHRISTMAS PRESENT. (1926, January 12). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73000513

A. and P. Glover of Horsham opened an extra shop during Christmas 1926 to cater for the increase in trade.

CHRISTMAS TOY CARNIVAL. (1926, November 26). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73017110

CHRISTMAS TOY CARNIVAL. (1926, November 26). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73017110

A Christmas story from Horsham, 1926.

HER CHRISTMAS LETTER. (1926, December 17). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73017834

HER CHRISTMAS LETTER. (1926, December 17). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73017834

The Border Watch. (1926, December 23). Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77688066

The Border Watch. (1926, December 23). Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77688066

Father Christmas of Balloon Land?? wrote a letter to the Editor of the Portland Guardian to announce his visit to the Portland Free Library.

OUR LETTER BOX. (1927, November 14). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64259155

OUR LETTER BOX. (1927, November 14). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64259155

Mr. G.C Perring  advised Horsham residents that he was taking orders for Christmas Cakes for the 1927 celebration.

CHRISTMAS CAKES. (1927, December 2). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72999479

CHRISTMAS CAKES. (1927, December 2). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72999479

The Post Master General’s department distributed three million of the following posters in 1927.

CHRISTMAS POSTER. (1927, December 10). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 33. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3897110

CHRISTMAS POSTER. (1927, December 10). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 33. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3897110

The Christmas Box Art Union were selling Australian made Christmas cards.

Christmas Cards. (1928, October 22). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64267379

Christmas Cards. (1928, October 22). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64267379

The Argus Shopping Page offered a range of last minute gift ideas.  Interesting items listed under the heading “Sweets for Children” were bunches of grapes and pink radishes along with tool sets and chocolate telephones.

"THE ARGUS" SHOPPING PAGE. (1928, December 21). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 13. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3976851

“THE ARGUS” SHOPPING PAGE. (1928, December 21). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 13. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3976851

Every shop in Horsham had taken the trouble to decorate for Christmas 1928.  People were beginning to feel the pinch as the decade drew to a close.

THAT CHRISTMAS FEELING. (1928, December 25). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72681761

THAT CHRISTMAS FEELING. (1928, December 25). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 2. Retrieved December 12, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72681761

Only weeks on from the Wall Street Crash of 1929, Jim Scullin was insisting that Australians buy Australian.  With high unemployment, the crash and a trade deficit of 10 million pounds there was a sense of urgency to stimulate the local economy and create jobs.  Examples of the products imported were £400,000 of serviettes and linen and £46,000 of playing cards.

CHRISTMAS PRESENTS. (1929, December 5). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 14. Retrieved December 14, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4054513

CHRISTMAS PRESENTS. (1929, December 5). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 14. Retrieved December 14, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4054513

Santa dropped in at the Laverton Air school in December 1929.

MODERN FATHER CHRISTMAS. (1929, December 7). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 17. Retrieved December 14, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4055264

The Argus of December 13, 1929 offered tips on getting through Christmas during a time of “financial stringency”.  Christmas trees ranged in price from 5/6 to 7/6 but a cheaper option was pieces of bamboo or hardwood placed in a pot and adorned with pine needles or asparagus fern.

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"THE ARGUS" SHOPPING PAGE. (1929, December 13). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), p. 13. Retrieved December 14, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4056538

“THE ARGUS” SHOPPING PAGE. (1929, December 13). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956), p. 13. Retrieved December 14, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4056538


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