Tag Archives: christmas pudding recipes

Christmas 1910s style

Australia began the 1910s with innocence but by decade’s end any innocence had gone, snatched away at faraway places unheard of in 1910 like Gallipoli, Fromelles and Beersheba.  Children hanging Christmas stockings in 1910 ended the decade without fathers, brothers or even their own lives.  The decade started with the usual, even frivolous reports about matters such as fruit supplies and ended with life trying to adjust back to those carefree times, but with the stark evidence of missing faces at the Christmas dinner table.

Fruit was in abundance for Christmas 1910 with oranges from Spain, bananas and  pears from France and California.  Shoppers could also buy novelty fruits such as avocado and persimmons.

CHRISTMAS FRUIT SUPPLIES. (1910, January 28). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 – 1918), p. 9. Retrieved December 8, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article91856179

The Portland Guardian raised Christmas spirits dampened by wintry weather.  They reported on the many Christmas shop displays around the town.

The Shops. (1910, December 23). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63979222chris19102

There were always Christmas pudding recipes in the papers.

USEFUL RECIPES. (1911, December 6). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 – 1918), p. 3. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article90161213

Christmas 1911 saw the shops of Colac go all out with their window displays.  Mr Stephen’s Enterprise House was the place to go for grocery and homewares supplies.  He stocked hams and cheeses and a range of Christmas delicacies and even a new fly-killing preparation, essential for an insect free Christmas lunch in Australia.  Mr Stephens also stocked a range of alcohol including Seppelt’s wine, port and sherry.

AROUND THE SHOPS. (1911, December 22). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 – 1918), p. 4. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article90160998

Christmas Eve 1911 in Portland saw the usual hustle and bustle.  It was an evening to catch up with old friends back in Portland for Christmas while children soaked up the festive atmosphere.  The Ozone Coffee Place was just one of the shops with an elaborate window display of lollies and sweets.  By evening the butchers and bakers had sold out of their goods.

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THE HOLIDAYS. (1911, December 29). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63982899

In 1912, the Colac Herald noted the change in Christmas gifts and cards over the years.  Christmas cards with traditional English Christmas scenes had given way to gifts such as books by Dickens, Kipling and Thackeray all available cheaply. Books of Adam Lindsay Gordon’s poetry were also a popular gift in 1912.  Likewise for children,  toys had changed.  Toy planes and modern toy soldiers pushed leaden soldiers aside.

OUR MELBOURNE LETTER. (1912, November 29). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 – 1918), p. 3. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87619896

CHRISTMAS ON A SUNDAY. (1912, December 20). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 17 Supplement: CHRISTMAS SUPPLEMENT 1912 Horsham Times.. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73132675

From ox tongues to magic lanterns, block cakes to dolls, The Portland Store Pty. Ltd. could cater for all Christmas 1912 shopping needs.

Advertising. (1912, December 18). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64003729

More recipes.  Have you ever had bread sauce on your turkey?

XMAS HINTS AND RECIPES. (1912, December 20). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 35 Supplement: CHRISTMAS SUPPLEMENT 1912 Horsham Times.. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73132554

XMAS HINTS AND RECIPES. (1912, December 20). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 35 Supplement: CHRISTMAS SUPPLEMENT 1912 Horsham Times.. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73132554

Science based toys were popular in 1913 including  planes, submarines and phonographs imported from England and Europe.  Simple toys were out of fashion according to one importer.

CHRISTMAS TOYS. (1913, August 4). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 - 1918), p. 4. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article93194152

CHRISTMAS TOYS. (1913, August 4). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 – 1918), p. 4. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article93194152

WW1 began in August 1914 and Australians were given a warning in October of that year.  “More than one Christmas will pass” before the war would end.

DURATION OF WAR. (1914, October 14). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 - 1918), p. 5. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74263644

DURATION OF WAR. (1914, October 14). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 – 1918), p. 5. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74263644

Cheap poultry fed on biscuit crumbs were on the menu for Christmas 1914.

CHEAP FOWLS FOR CHRISTMAS. (1914, November 23). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 - 1918), p. 3. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74264661

CHEAP FOWLS FOR CHRISTMAS. (1914, November 23). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 – 1918), p. 3. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74264661

The Colac Herald acknowledged those suffering during the Christmas season due to the war.

“We have reason to hope that out of this season of deepest trial, of cruel warfare and of untold suffering, there will come a day when the world will be assured of years of peace, when not so much consideration will be given to weapons of warfare, but the thoughts of mankind will be turned more and more to improving the conditions under which so many people have to live.”

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The Colac Herald. (1914, December 23). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 - 1918), p. 2. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74265363

The Colac Herald. (1914, December 23). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 – 1918), p. 2. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74265363

Despite the events overseas, Casterton had plenty of Christmas cheer as described in this lovely article about Christmas in Casterton, 1914.

Christmas Cheer. (1914, December 24). The Casterton News and the Merino and Sandford Record (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), p. 3 Edition: Bi-Weekly. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74763493

Christmas Cheer. (1914, December 24). The Casterton News and the Merino and Sandford Record (Vic. : 1914 – 1918), p. 3 Edition: Bi-Weekly. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74763493

During Christmas 1914, Australians felt there was hope the war, the big adventure, would be over by Christmas 1915.  Instead, by the time that Christmas came around the realities of the Great War had come home, with the horrors of Gallipoli the awakening.  Christmas thoughts turned overseas, with the comforts of the soldiers on that December day utmost in the minds of family.  Christmas billies and packages were sent overseas to give the boys a touch of home.

The Lady Mayoress of Melbourne placed an order for 37, 000 Christmas puddings  for the troops.  Country folk could send 1s 3d to the Patriotic League and a card would be attached to a pudding with the donor’s details and the key to open the tin.

Christmas Puddings. (1915, September 23). Port Fairy Gazette (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), p. 4 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article94724253

Christmas Puddings. (1915, September 23). Port Fairy Gazette (Vic. : 1914 – 1918), p. 4 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article94724253

Warrnambool sent 300 Christmas billies to the front in 1915.

CHRISTMAS BILLIES. (1915, October 4). Warrnambool Standard (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), p. 3 Edition: DAILY.. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73857728

CHRISTMAS BILLIES. (1915, October 4). Warrnambool Standard (Vic. : 1914 – 1918), p. 3 Edition: DAILY.. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73857728

CHRISTMAS PRESENTS. (1915, November 10). The Ballarat Courier (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), p. 3 Edition: DAILY.. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article75156632

CHRISTMAS PRESENTS. (1915, November 10). The Ballarat Courier (Vic. : 1914 – 1918), p. 3 Edition: DAILY.. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article75156632

A sample of offerings from the shops of Colac for Christmas 1915.

AROUND THE SHOPS. (1915, December 22). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 - 1918), p. 7. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article75254862

AROUND THE SHOPS. (1915, December 22). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 – 1918), p. 7. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article75254862

The Figaro Brisbane was a long way from the Western District, but their sentiments about Christmas 1915 are worth sharing.

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CHRISTMAS. (1915, December 18). Queensland Figaro (Brisbane, QLD : 1901 - 1936), p. 4. Retrieved December 10, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article84404928

CHRISTMAS. (1915, December 18). Queensland Figaro (Brisbane, QLD : 1901 – 1936), p. 4. Retrieved December 10, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article84404928

By January 1916, news was getting back to Australia about how troops sent Christmas Day in Cairo.

CAIRO CHRISTMAS MENU. (1916, January 27). Warrnambool Standard (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), p. 4 Edition: DAILY.. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73868406

CAIRO CHRISTMAS MENU. (1916, January 27). Warrnambool Standard (Vic. : 1914 – 1918), p. 4 Edition: DAILY.. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73868406

On October 14th, 1916 between 9am and 1pm, 1002 parcels and 114 mail bags left the Western Station, Ballarat bound for the Expeditionary Forces.

CHRISTMAS MAIL FOR THE TROOPS. (1916, October 23). The Ballarat Courier (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), p. 5 Edition: DAILY.. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74688931

CHRISTMAS MAIL FOR THE TROOPS. (1916, October 23). The Ballarat Courier (Vic. : 1914 – 1918), p. 5 Edition: DAILY.. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74688931

Residents of Port Fairy could give a fowl for a soldiers’ Christmas dinner at the Caulfield Base Hospital.

SOLDIERS' CHRISTMAS TREAT. (1916, November 30). Port Fairy Gazette (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88007022

SOLDIERS’ CHRISTMAS TREAT. (1916, November 30). Port Fairy Gazette (Vic. : 1914 – 1918), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88007022

A Christmas Box Wanted From You was the catch cry  in September 1916.  How nice, what a lovely thought.  But it was not a Christmas pudding or biscuits the boys wanted in their boxes from home.  They wanted tobacco and a lot of it, especially as the Army was spending £25,000 a day on tobacco and cigarettes.

A CHRISTMAS BOX. (1916, September 15). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 - 1918), p. 3. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74473619

A CHRISTMAS BOX. (1916, September 15). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 – 1918), p. 3. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74473619

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A CHRISTMAS BOX WANTED FROM YOU. (1916, October 7). The Mildura Cultivator (Vic. : 1888 - 1920), p. 13. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74802247

A CHRISTMAS BOX WANTED FROM YOU. (1916, October 7). The Mildura Cultivator (Vic. : 1888 – 1920), p. 13. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74802247

Stuck for Christmas gift ideas?  Consider making a calendar.  One can never have too many calendars.  Put one in every room if need be!

CALENDARS FOR CHRISTMAS. (1916, December 8). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 - 1918), p. 8. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74518345

CALENDARS FOR CHRISTMAS. (1916, December 8). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 – 1918), p. 8. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74518345

The “Everlady’s Journal” Christmas edition had everything a lady needed to know for preparing for Christmas with the limitations the war brought.

A PRACTICAL CHRISTMAS. (1916, December 18). Port Fairy Gazette (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88007787

A PRACTICAL CHRISTMAS. (1916, December 18). Port Fairy Gazette (Vic. : 1914 – 1918), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88007787

The rush to release books in time for Christmas was on during October 1917.  C.J. Denis had released “Doreen” and May Gibbs had “Gum-Blossom Babies” and “Gumnut Babies” on offer.

CHRISTMAS BOOKLETS. (1917, October 11). Warrnambool Standard (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), p. 8 Edition: DAILY.. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73969439

CHRISTMAS BOOKLETS. (1917, October 11). Warrnambool Standard (Vic. : 1914 – 1918), p. 8 Edition: DAILY.. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73969439

A recipe for an old English plum cake that would keep for six months.

SEASONABLE RECIPES. (1917, December 19). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 - 1918), p. 6. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article75251369

SEASONABLE RECIPES. (1917, December 19). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 – 1918), p. 6. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article75251369

Advertising. (1917, December 19). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 - 1918), p. 6. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article75251363

Advertising. (1917, December 19). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 – 1918), p. 6. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article75251363

Father Christmas handed out gifts to the children from the South Warrnambool Presbyterian Church Sunday school at a Christmas tree party in 1917.

CHRISTMAS TREE. (1917, December 29). Warrnambool Standard (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), p. 3 Edition: DAILY.. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73974530

CHRISTMAS TREE. (1917, December 29). Warrnambool Standard (Vic. : 1914 – 1918), p. 3 Edition: DAILY.. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73974530

Advertising. (1918, January 7). The Casterton News and the Merino and Sandford Record (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), p. 2 Edition: Bi-Weekly. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74219706

Advertising. (1918, January 7). The Casterton News and the Merino and Sandford Record (Vic. : 1914 – 1918), p. 2 Edition: Bi-Weekly. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74219706

August was the cut off date for Christmas parcels being sent overseas for Christmas 1918.  This was a change from 1917, when the parcels sent in September were not distributed until January.

A.I.F. CHRISTMAS PARCELS. (1918, August 16). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 7. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72987289

A.I.F. CHRISTMAS PARCELS. (1918, August 16). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 7. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72987289

The A.I.F. Christmas book had “the finest collection of war photographs”.  The book became available to the public in 1918.

A.I.F. CHRISTMAS BOOK. (1918, November 6). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 - 1918), p. 4. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74474740

A.I.F. CHRISTMAS BOOK. (1918, November 6). The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 – 1918), p. 4. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74474740

A call went out to country folk to give poultry for Christmas 1918.  The goal was 1000 pair of victory chickens for soldiers in hospital in and around Melbourne.  Dispatch centres were set up in towns such as Timboon, Port Fairy, Macarthur and Penshurst.

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Poultry for Christmas. (1918, November 18). Port Fairy Gazette (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article91987945

Poultry for Christmas. (1918, November 18). Port Fairy Gazette (Vic. : 1914 – 1918), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article91987945

With the end of WW1 in November 1918, the message for Christmas was “Peace on Earth”.

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Casterton News. (1918, December 23). The Casterton News and the Merino and Sandford Record (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), p. 2 Edition: Bi-Weekly.. Retrieved December 10, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74222949

Casterton News. (1918, December 23). The Casterton News and the Merino and Sandford Record (Vic. : 1914 – 1918), p. 2 Edition: Bi-Weekly.. Retrieved December 10, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74222949

The streets of Ararat were busy on Christmas Eve, 1918.

CHRISTMAS EVE. (1918, December 28). The Ararat advertiser (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), p. 3 Edition: tri-weekly. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74285291

CHRISTMAS EVE. (1918, December 28). The Ararat advertiser (Vic. : 1914 – 1918), p. 3 Edition: tri-weekly. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74285291

The residents of Port Fairy were feeling a renewed Christmas spirit in 1918, stocking up on food and clothing.

THE HOLIDAYS. (1918, December 30). Port Fairy Gazette (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 10, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article91994828

THE HOLIDAYS. (1918, December 30). Port Fairy Gazette (Vic. : 1914 – 1918), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 10, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article91994828

Advertising. (1919, December 11). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63960345

Advertising. (1919, December 11). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 3 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63960345

CHRISTMAS AT THE HOSPITAL. (1919, December 19). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73188106

CHRISTMAS AT THE HOSPITAL. (1919, December 19). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73188106

At Wail West in the Wimmera, locals were dusting off their picnic blankets for a Christmas picnic, revived from pre-war days.

WAIL WEST. (1919, December 19). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73188080

WAIL WEST. (1919, December 19). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 5. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73188080

Those making phone calls on Christmas Days 1919 faced double rates.

Portland Guardian First Issue - August 20, 1842. (1919, December 24). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63960424

Portland Guardian First Issue – August 20, 1842. (1919, December 24). Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 – 1953), p. 2 Edition: EVENING.. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63960424

At last, the future was looking brighter when Christmas 1919 arrived as it was the first Christmas since the Treaty of Versailles was signed and the second since fighting had ceased.

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The Horsham Times. (1919, December 23). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73188192

Christmas 1919 in Horsham was busy and businesses added greenery to verandah posts along Firebrace and Wilson Streets.

CHRISTMAS IN HORSHAM. (1919, December 30). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73188311

CHRISTMAS IN HORSHAM. (1919, December 30). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 4. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73188311

The last Christmas of the 1910s went off with a bang for the residents of some Western Victorian towns.  Residents of Clear Lake, Vectis and Hamilton to name a few saw a heavenly body come to earth on Christmas Day 1919.

CROCKERY AND IRON SHAKEN. (1919, December 30). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73188328

CROCKERY AND IRON SHAKEN. (1919, December 30). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 5. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73188328

From Another World. (1919, December 30). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73188314

From Another World. (1919, December 30). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 – 1954), p. 5. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73188314


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